In the past we have shown you many ways to use VirtualBox with different operating systems. Recently we shown you how to install Ubuntu in VirtualBox. Today we will show you how to install BackTrack 5 R3 in VirtualBox.
What is BackTrack?
BackTrack is a Linux based operating system. That is aimed at digital forensics and penetration testing. In other words, you can use BackTrack to check networks, break into networks, and other hacker things. BackTrack gets its name after the backtrackign search algorithm. The version of BackTrack we are using in this tutorial, BackTrack 5 R3 is based off of Ubuntu 10.04.
Now that you know a little about BackTrack lets move into the guide.
After you have all the prerequisites taken care of, we are now ready to install BackTrack in VirtualBox.
Install BackTrack 5 R3 in VirtualBox
Open up VirtualBox and click the New icon.
The Create Virtual Machine window will open. Here you will want to specify a name for your virtual machine. What type of operating system. And what version. Since I’m using BackTrack 64bit, I filled mine out accordingly. Make sure you do the same and click Next to continue.
Up next is the memory. Use the slider to decide how much memory you want. I will be using 512MB. Click Next to continue.
Next up is the hard drive. You will want to select “Create a virtual hard drive now”. Click Create to continue.
The next step is the hard drive file type. Here we will keep the default VDI, or VirtualBox disk image. Click Next to continue.
Next is the hard drive type. You have a choice between dynamic and fixed. The pros and cons of both depend on your system configuration. Fixed size is great if you don’t have a big physical hard drive. Fixed can be a limitation, if you run out of space for the virtual operating system. That is where dynamically allocated comes in handy. With dynamically allocated, you chose the start size. As you use more space, the virtual hard disk slowly gets bigger to accommodation. The downside to dynamic is when the virtual drive gets bigger, it can never go back. the allocated space is now part of the virtual drive even if you are not using it. So make sure you have the right hard drive type for your situation selected. and click
Next you will need to select the size of your hard drive. If you used Dynamically or Fixed sizes, you will still want to put enough room to install BackTrack. 20 GB should be good. If you have Fixed you might want to have a little bit more room. use the slider to adjust the size. When you are done click Create to continue.
After the virtual machine and hard drive are created. You will want to select your new virtual machine and click Settings in the main VirtualBox window.
From the Settings window, select Storage from the left pane. Click on Empty underneath Controller – IDE. then click on the disk icon next to IDE Secondary master. You will want to select Choose a virtual CD/DVD disk file.
From the Windows Explorer select your BackTrack ISO you downloaded before. Click Open to continue.
You’ll be brought back to the Settings window. Click OK to continue.
Now its time to start your virtual machine. Make sure your virtual machine is selected and click Start button.
Your virtual machine will load.
The BackTrack boot menu will load. You will want to select the BackTrack Text – Default boot Text Mode. Press Enter to continue.
A lot of text will fly across your screen. Until you end with the [email protected] in red. Here you will want to type in “startx” without quotes. This command, startx, will run the graphic user interface. Push Enter to continue.
After the graphical user interface loads. You will see the BackTrack desktop. On their is a Install BackTrack icon. Double click it to install BackTrack.
The BackTrack install window will open. Select your language and click Forward to continue.
Next select your region and time zone. Click Forward to continue.
Select your keyboard layout. Click Forward to continue.
Next up is the Prepare disk space. You can leave the defaults. Click Forward to continue.
Now you will be at the last step. Verify the information and click Install to continue.
BackTrack will now take some time to install itself.
Once the installation is complete click the Restart Now button.
On the virtual machine you will want to eject the BackTrack ISO. Right click on the disk icon in the bottom right hand corner of the virtual machine window. And click Remove disk from virtual drive.
Back at the BackTrack virtual machine. Press Enter when you finished removing the ISO.
After BackTrack R3 reboots, you will be at a log in prompt. Type in root for the username and toor for the password.
You will still be a the terminal after you logged in. If you want the graphical user interface type in startx and press Enter.
You’ll be taken to the BackTrack desktop.
Now you have a virtual machine with BackTrack 5 R3 installed. If this is your first Linux OS, I highly recommend looking at the Learning Ubuntu series. Since BackTrack is based off Ubuntu, this is a good place to start to learn.